Апр 25 2003

The opinion of local autorities regarding the quality of drinking waters in rural areas in the republic of Moldova

Опубликовано в 08:13 в категории Чистота воды и здоровье

The opinion of local autorities regarding the quality of drinking waters in rural areas in the republic of Moldova

V.I. Gladchi, N.V. Goreaceva, E. Bunduchi, I. Mardari

State University of Moldova, Chisinau

The supply of drinking water to the population of the Republic of Moldova is especially a grave problem, determined by the non-even distribution of ground water reservoirs throughout the territory of the Republic of Moldova. The quality of water in the majority of settlements does not satisfy the safety requirements of the regulations due to increased content of nitrates, sulfates, chlorides, sodium as well as increased mineralization and hardness of water. That is why the major sources of water used for food purposes are surface waters (the Dniester and Prut rivers) which account for 30% out of the total volume of water used for drinking purposes.

The peculiarity of our country is that it is an agrarian one and the greater part of the population is settled in rural areas, where centralized distribution of drinking water is not provided. The artesian and ground waters are the major sources the rural population relies on. According to some data, approximately 80 % of existing wells contain water that is of bad quality or is dangerous for health. The rural artesian wells are used for water supply of schools, kindergartens, hospitals and stock buildings. Various sources, which are distributed along the territory of the Republic, are used for water extraction, but their quality characteristics substantially differ from one another. The artesian waters are delivered to customers usually untreated and the number of utilized wells has decreased during the last years as a result of economic difficulties. The major cause of closing up the artesian wells is the inadequate preventive maintenance and utilization which result in their malfunctioning. Therefore, the supply of drinking water from artesian wells to rural areas encounters various technical and economic problems. That is why the quantity of drinking waters extracted and delivered to citizens living in rural areas is decreasing.

In order to obtain a more objective image of the situation with regard to the quality of drinking water and provision of good quality water to rural population the opinion of local authorities on the above mentioned problem was investigated. The applied survey was containing the following questions:

1. Does the district encounter problems with drinking water supply?

2. What villages of the district have most serious problems with drinking water supply?

3. How can this problem be solved?

4. Are the inhabitants of villages able to solve the problem of drinking water supply on their own or the support of district governing bodies is binding?

5. What are your suggestions regarding the problem of drinking water supply to rural localities?

In the Orhei district more than 20 localities have stringent problems with the supply of drinking water of good quality. These are Mitoc, Pelivan, Piatra, Mana, Seli?te, Vatici, Isacova, Bud?, Hiri?eni, Suhuluceni, Gherm?ne?i, Br?ne?ti, Mihala?a, Ine?ti, Trife?ti, Zahoreni, Mihuleni, R?spopeni, Ign??ei and towns Orhei and Telene?ti.

The head of the environmental protection division of Orhei district T. Ro?ca considers that this problem can be solved through the construction of artesian wells, reconstruction of the water piping network from Jeloboc, realization of a feasibility study of the reutilization of the existing pumping system and water-pipes of the Nistru river.

The efforts of rural population itself or the help of governing bodies are not enough for solving this problem. The national or foreign investments could be a substantial contribution for amelioration of this situation.

The principal specialist of the Division of Environmental Protection of Bal?i District Ion Bucirschi considers that the discussed problem is present in the majority of localities of F?le?ti and Glodeni sectors and for Biruin?a city as well.

The solution of this problem can consist in the elaboration and provision of financial aids and in the implementation of local programs framed by National Program, as well as centralized provision of drinking water to rural localities. The inhabitants of villages along with district governing bodies do not have sufficient resources to solve this problem.

The suggestions regarding provision of drinking water to rural areas are the following: elaboration of local programs; carrying over an investigation on bacteriological and hydro chemical parameters of the water from wells reaching groundwater horizon; effective utilization of the potential of existing wells; regeneration of the existing piping system as well as the purification of wastewaters.

The Cahul district has around 15 villages that deeply feel the lack of drinking water of good quality. From them we can mention: Giurgiule?ti, C??li?a Prut, Slobozia Mare, V?leni, Br?nza, Coliba?i, Vadul lui Isac, Manta, Pa?cani, Crihana Veche, Tartaul de Slacie, Taraclia de Salcie, Burlacu, Moscovei, T?t?re?ti.

Only an evaluation of the current situation along with the elaboration of adequate local action programs involving foreign and local financial aids by means of grants and credits are the measures that could solve the problem of drinking water supply in this district. This is the opinion of Mr. Vladimir B?rne?, who also added that neither rural population nor the governing body of the district have sufficient capacity to solve this problem.

The proposed suggestions regarding solution of these problems include: creation of an inventory of existing sources of water provision, investigation of the technical state of artesian wells, evaluation of the potential of their future utilization, detection of alternative sources of drinking water.

About 13 localities of Lapu?na district confront serious deficiencies of drinking water of good quality, the situation being most serious in villages Iargara, One?ti, and cities H?nce?ti, Cimi?lia, Leova, Basarabeasca. This information was provided by Mr Semion Lupa?cu, the representative of the district governing body.

Attraction of foreign investments, collaboration with National and regional Ecologic Foundation, H?nce?t-Cuweit program, Cimi?lia-USAID project might solve the mentioned dramatic problems.

This problem can be facilitated by individual actions of the communities with the support of district officialities. Hence, in H?nce?ti city 3 more wells have been constructed, in Sarata Nou? one well was put in use and in Lapu?na the water piping system is renovated with the support from the district budget, which constituted 89500 ML. According to Mr. Lupa?cu, regeneration of water piping system and centralized distribution of drinking water are the measures that could satisfy the needed amount of water by rural population.

In Edine? district there are many localities encountering deficiencies of drinking water of good quality, and here some of them can be mentioned: Criva, Zaicani, ?aul, Drepc?u?i, Ga?par, Yabriceni, Larga, Br?nzeni, ?ofr?ncani, Briceni, Ocni?a, Dondu?eni. Quoting T.Oboroc who is a representative of the Edinet district-governing unit, said that this problem can be solved only with joint efforts of the village, district and republic governing units and involvement of foreign investments.

A slightly less acute situation, according to the opinion of the local public authorities, is registered in ATU Gagauzia and Tighina district. The lack of drinking water is felt in villages: Carbolia, Chiselia-Russ?, Chirsovo, Congaz, Budjac, Gaidari, Bejdec (ATU Gagauzia) and Hagimus, Cainari, Tanatari, Ursoaia, Opaci, Copanca (Tighina district).

Similarly to previous respondents, the representatives of the councils of these districts consider that the solution to this problem can be found only in foreign investments for reparation of existing and construction of new wells. The authorities of Gagauzia expect to receive investments from “The provision of drinking water to the Southern Moldova” project, which is financed by Turkey.

The problem of provision of drinking water of good quality persists in all the districts of the Republic of Moldova. However, this problem is most stringent in Orhei, Cahul and Lapusna districts. We consider that amelioration of the situation should take place in the first pace in these districts. A very important role in the improvement of the efficiency of works related to supply of drinking water of good quality and diminishing of the pollution of ground waters and waters from deeper wells is played by ecological information and education of the population which can be realized only by the state bodies, and nongovernmental organizations working in this field.

Аннотация

Статьи « Мнение местных руководителей о проблеме питьевой воды в сельских регионах Республики Молдова»

В.И. Гладкий, Н.В. Горячева, Е. Г. Бундуки, И. Н. Мардарь

Специфические природные условия обусловили формирование на территории Молдовы грунтовых вод разнообразного химического состава. В большинстве сельских районов республики они неудовлетворительного качества. Вместе с тем, для жителей сел грунтовые воды – основной источник питьевых вод.

Для Молдовы, в экономике которой аграрный сектор является доминирующим, обеспечение сельских регионов питьевой водой хорошего качества является серьезной проблемой. Поиску путей ее решения посвящена данная работа. Она включает результаты опроса руководителей различных сельских районов на вопросы:

1. Есть ли проблемы с питьевой водой в вашем районе?

2. В каких селах проблемы с обеспечением питьевой водой наиболее серьезны?

3. Можно ли решить эти проблемы?

4. Могут ли жители села решить ее своими силами?

5. Каким образом, по Вашему мнению, может быть решена эта проблема?

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